During the 2017 Las Vegas International Auto Parts Show, I have noted more and more car metal parts have been replaced with plastic parts. Not only the exterior or interior decoration parts, even some structural parts, but functional parts have also been replaced with plastic parts.
Why major car manufacturers are replacing more and more metal parts with plastic parts?
1. The main reason to use plastic car parts is to reduce the car total weight
However, to be honest, the manufacturer and seller have been emphasizing the lightweight, but consumers do not really know how can we benefit from the light-weighted car. Cars are getting more efficient, with smaller engines, so the cars need to be as light as possible.
The report shows that if a car reduces the weight of 100kg, 100 km fuel consumption can be reduced 0.3L to 0.6L ( depending on the car displacement 1-2 liter ), it can save you a lot of fuel cost.
2. Energy saving and emission reduction
Gasoline or diesel fuel is abstracted and refined from petroleum which is a non-renewable resource, although the fuel-saving rate is not so obvious, but considering the huge running cars on the road, using plastic car parts can effectively save energy, as well as reduce greenhouse gases emission, so as to protect the global climate and our mother earth.
3. Car plastic parts VS safety, is it really a paradox?
In fact, not only is it not dangerous, some parts made of plastic are actually rather safer than metal.
Plastic with better absorb performance, most bumpers and bumper beams are made of plastic to better protect pedestrians and occupants in the event of an accident.
Do not understand? Imagine, in a car accident, you want to hit the iron plate, or hit the plastic plate? Someone may ask, then my car would badly break when it happens? I had to say, human safety is more important than a car. So actually we have seen in a lot of newspapers or videos, a superior Ferrari or Lamborghini sports car is badly broken in a car accident, but no one was badly hurt, so after reading this article, you got the answer.
Another thing I have to mention is, the tank made of plastic is more secure than the metal tank. Because in the event of an accident, a metal tank may spark as a result of a collision, though less likely but has the possibility to explode than a plastic tank. Now, 80% of the cars are using fuel tanks made of plastic.
4. Reducing cost
Most plastic parts are cheaper than metal parts because cast iron or aluminum alloy parts just isn’t as cost-effective as it used to be. But plastic injection molding automotive parts can be produced in bulk quantity easily, so the average cost can be lower down. And they are cheap to ship, storage, as well as recycle.
5. Using plastic decoration parts can make the car quieter
In addition to the cost, weight, safety issues mentioned above, metal has noise issues. For example, if you use the thin metal sheet, it will readily conduct noise and vibration. But using plastic parts can help to improve this issue, as we have said before, plastic has better absorbing performance.
Shenzhen RJC Industrial Co., Ltd is a professional designing company, manufacturer, and solution provider for major car brands all over the world with more than 16 years of experience in the field, in case you have any requirements for car plastic parts injection molding, please feel free to contact us by email: [email protected] at any time, we would provide you a perfect solution as soon as possible.